Please note that we are currently running a pilot version of the LEAF programme, so registrations are not currently open. If you are not registered on the pilot programme, you can complete our waiting list form and use these pages to learn more about LEAF.
LEAF Themes are there to provide a focus or framework for your LEAF journey. Following a Theme is a requirement of the programme and most of your aims and actions should fall within your chosen Theme. The Themes are broad and can encompass a wide variety of aims and actions.
For each theme there are some suggested actions to get you started. However, the activities could be interpreted differently to cover other themes.
Further resources for each theme can be found on our LEAF resources webpage.
Forests and Biodiversity
All forest types from rural to urban and terrestrial to marine, offer a huge range of places for plants and animals to live. However, forests are increasingly threatened, largely as a result of human activity. We encourage you to investigate your local and national forests, discover why they are so important biologically and investigate ways of helping to protect them. We also encourage you to learn about the connection between different species within forest ecosystems (the ecological web).
- Learn about seasonality in your local ecosystem. For example, find a tree or other plant and track it through the seasons, looking at what it looks like / does at different times of the year and what animals and other plants rely on it.
- Create a biodiversity garden in your school grounds. This does not have to be big – you could create a Pocket Garden. Find out what plants are good for pollinators and other local wildlife and include those in your designs. Our Garden for Life resources will be very helpful for this.
- Choose a native ecosystem, plant or animal, learn more about it and get involved with groups who are advocating for their protection. Some examples include the temperate rainforests on our west coast and Scottish forest wildlife such as pine martens, red squirrels and capercaillies.
- To learn about the interacting between species you could organise a debate on deer culling for forest management. You could look at reintroduction schemes for wolves and lynx as part of this.
Forests and Climate
Forests are by far the greatest CO2 cleansers we have on Earth. There are two ways of reducing the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere: emit less CO2 and remove CO2 from the atmosphere and store it. Trees help in both! We encourage you to investigate the role of forests in climate change, including as carbon storage facilities and the importance of reforestation. In addition, we encourage you to engage in activities to create more carbon sinks.
- Record season changes in local plants and animals (e.g. first buds opening). Turn this into a long term record that future LEAF members can use to monitor how climate change is affecting your local plants and animals. Go further and add your data to the Woodland Trust’s Nature Calendar to contribute to citizen science.
- Plant trees in your school grounds, or in a local greenspace. Make sure you get full permission before planting trees. Think about who will be responsible for looking after your trees. This could be something for older pupils to pass to younger pupils as they move up through the school – something we do now for others to inherit and enjoy. Help and links for tree planting can be found on our LEAF resources page.
- Find a local carbon sink, learn more about it and get involved with groups who are advocating for its protection. Some examples include forests and woodlands, peatlands and sea grass beds.
Forests and Community
Forests have always been of great importance to people and their communities. Our ancestors got their food by hunting and gathering plants from the forests. Communities around the world are linked to forests through products and associated livelihoods; we encourage schools to explore these links. We also encourage schools to examine the communities at risk of losing their homes due to illegal logging and agriculture. You could investigate ways of alleviating poverty through sustainable forestry, while improving livelihoods and creating green jobs. Where possible engage with local communities to share their knowledge and expertise.
- Get to know your local park – visit a local park and find out how the park helps the local community, including what services are provided. Visit our Green Flag Award page to find your local park with the award.
- Adopt a local tree or greenspace and find out its history by interviewing members of your local community. How could you make this tree or greenspace more part of your local community?
- Do some creative writing to tell the story of a local tree or greenspace you have visited.
- Create rituals based on local seasonality, for example celebrate the first bud opening in spring or the first leaf falling in autumn. Involve your school and wider community in your new ritual.
Forests and Products
Forests provide a range of resources we depend on. It would be impossible to get through a day without using something that derives from a forest. It could be firewood, paper, furniture, medicines or food. In addition to products we can directly relate to, forests deliver less obvious benefits and ecosystem services. We encourage you to explore the endless resources and opportunities that forests provide and find ways to use them sustainably.
- Have a go at making your own paper.
- Investigate the concept of sustainable forestry, which aims to allow us to utilise products and services from forests without damaging ecosystems and biodiversity.
- Investigate the future of forest products that could help us deal with current environmental issues, for example wood based packaging, bamboo clothing.
- Look into sustainable procurement in your school for forest related products. Does your school have a sustainable procurement policy? Can you help them create one, or expand an existing policy? This could include buying recycled or Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) paper products.
- Forestry careers. Invite a speaker in to talk about their career in forestry.
Forests and Water
Forests act as giant sponges, soaking up rainfall during wet seasons and releasing it slowly during drier times. In doing so, they can help reduce the severity of flash floods downstream. Forests provide natural filtration and can help improve water quality by minimizing soil erosion and reducing pollutants that reach local waters. We encourage you to examine the relationship between forests and water and to investigate the challenges in maximizing the wide range of forest benefits without detriment to water resources. Most importantly, we encourage you to come up with practical solutions that help ensure high water quality and help raise awareness about the importance of protecting our forests.
- Learn about the forest water cycle.
- Investigate aquatic forests, learn more about them and get involved with groups who are advocating for their protection. Some examples include kelp and sea grass beds.
- Swap a puddle. This is great for younger pupils to get them in touch with water. Invite young children to collect all the water from two puddles then swap them over.
Forest Laws and Codes
An important part of looking after our forests are the policies, laws and codes, which are developed to protect them. Understanding, policies, laws and codes and the interplay between humans and forests is crucial for understanding the potential conflict of interests that exist between different stakeholders. To work towards an understanding of the background on different views creates possibilities to make better decisions and take alternative actions in the future.
- Learn about the Scottish Outdoor Access Code. NatureScot hosts a series of education resources and #KnowTheCode videos to help you.
- Write an access code for your school grounds or local greenspace, explaining how others can help maintain the space and use it sustainably. Put up posters to explain your new code.
- Campaign for sustainable management and access for your local woodland or greenspace.
Forests mean different things to different people. The LEAF programme recognises that forests play an important role from an ecological, socio-cultural and economic point of view. One way of exploring the socio-cultural importance of forests is to study the myths and stories that are told by local people and their forests.
- Read about Scottish myths based in forests, such as the Ghillie Dhu, Galloway Puma, Baobhan Sith: the Female Vampire and the Ettrick Forest Brownie.
- Interview local people and ask if they know any myths based around your local greenspaces.
- Find a local greenspace and write your own myth about a creature that could live there. Turn your myth into a play and act it out in the creature’s home.
Forest Creativity and Innovation
This theme aims to encourage you to investigate today’s problems and design real solutions using materials and inspiration form the forest. It is also a chance to unleash your creativity in imaginative ways to help you and others connect with natural environments.
- Write a poem or story about your local forest or greenspace.
- Create an art exhibition in your local forest or greenspace using only natural materials and invite others to view them.
- Investigate new wood based technologies, for example cross laminated timber (CLT) beams for construction, wood foam insulation, wood based packaging, wood based textiles.